The elevation of the satellite dish at certain angle and Azimuth factor are important aspects in the satellite dish aiming process. Azimuth is the angle related to the horizontal position of the satellite dish while elevation is the angle above the horizon. The position of the dish must be pointing towards the desired satellite and hence the angle must be related to the theoretical horizon. The satellite dish, if properly aimed, collects the weak signals from space and lines-up with the LNB. In today's modern world, it is quite possible to receive signals from different satellites by using multiple LNBs. This is the LNBF skew process that allows you to point the satellite dish in the desired direction.
Satellite dish aiming is also based on other factors such as geographic location, satellite position, latitude, longitude, and the skew. While aiming, be sure that the satellite dish is mounted on a flat beam with the base of the dish parallel to the mounting surface. If you are mounting the satellite dish on a slanting roof then make sure that the satellite dish is set at a proper angle to the roofline. Do not neglect this step because you may need to tilt the dish up and down while aiming the satellite. The mounting base must be perfect before proceeding further. The elevation and azimuth can be easily set by loosening the bolts. Make sure that you are following the instructions given in the manual kit and you may use a compass to set the desired direction and angle. Setting two LNBs might be difficult because you need to be technically sound to make adjustments in order to receive signals from different satellites.
Apart from the above-stated points, it is important to understand the position of the satellite in space. Basically, the satellites are located in a geostationary orbit at a height of approximately 22,000 miles above the equator. The path of orbiting satellites around the Earth is always from west to east. Hence, your satellite dish must always point towards northern hemisphere if you are living in the south of the equator and if you are living in the north of the equator the satellite dish must always aim towards the southern hemisphere. Also, make sure that there are no obstructions between the dish and the satellite you are aiming.
Well, these are the few basic things you must know in order to make the satellite dish aiming process successful. Mounting the dish, elevation, azimuth, and alignment should be done carefully. Do not hesitate to do research and consult the professionals in this field. Also, you can make use of various satellite dish-aiming software that are available in the market. Such software will definitely help you to calculate angles and locate the perfect position of the satellite. Hope, you understood the easy process of satellite dish aiming.